What Does Cause Type 2 Diabetes

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It is also recommended that testing is considered in adults of any age if they are overweight and have one or more additional risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes may be diagnosed using various combinations of the following tests. Please note that many of the blood tests described below require specific preparation for optimum performance. To get the most accurate results, be sure to closely follow the instructions of your healthcare provider.

This list is not all-inclusive, and other blood tests may be prescribed based upon your specific medical history. A long-term commitment to good nutrition, careful monitoring of carbohydrate intake, and regular physical activity are critical to successful type 2 diabetes treatment. Some people with type 2 diabetes may eventually require regular insulin injections to keep their blood glucose levels under control. The information provided by regular blood sugar testing helps your healthcare team assess the efficacy of your type 2 diabetes treatment plan, and provides data for making the necessary adjustments.

Causes of Diabetes

Qin Yang, M. American Diabetes Association. January Discover more diabetes-friendly foods, from cinnamon to shirataki noodles. Talk to your doctor about your personal nutrition and calorie goals. Together, you can come up with a diet plan that tastes great and suits your lifestyle needs.

Explore carb counting and the Mediterranean diet, along with other approaches, here. We may not understand the exact causes of type 2 diabetes, but we do know that certain factors can put you at increased risk. Learn more about the factors that can increase your risk for diabetes.

Whether or not you have prediabetes, you should see your doctor right away if you have the symptoms of diabetes. Your doctor can get a lot of information from blood work. Diagnostic testing may include the following:. If you have diabetes, your doctor will provide you with information about how to manage the disease, including:. You may need to see an endocrinologist who specializes in the treatment of diabetes. Early diagnosis is key to proper diabetes management.

Type 2 diabetes

Find out more about how type 2 diabetes is diagnosed. However, a few lifestyle tweaks can help delay or even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes, whether or not you have diabetes risk factors such as prediabetes. Your diet should limit sugar and refined carbohydrates and replace them with low glycemic whole grains, carbohydrates, and fiber.

Lean meat, poultry, or fish provide protein. You also need heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids from certain kinds of fish, monounsaturated fats, and polyunsaturated fats. Dairy products should be low in fat. You should be careful about portion sizes and try to eat meals at about the same time every day. Type 2 diabetes is associated with inactivity. Getting 30 minutes of aerobic exercise every day can improve your overall health. Try to add in extra movement throughout the day, too.

Type 2 diabetes

Eating a healthy, balanced diet and getting daily exercise should help you keep your weight under control. These changes in diet, exercise, and weight management work together to help keep your blood glucose levels within the ideal range all day long. Discover how curcumin, vitamin D, and even coffee can also help you prevent type 2 diabetes.

For many people, type 2 diabetes can be effectively managed. If not properly managed, it can affect virtually all of your organs and lead to serious complications, including:. Hypoglycemia can occur when your blood sugar is low. The symptoms can include shakiness, dizziness, and difficulty speaking. Hyperglycemia can happen when blood sugar is high. Exercising can help lower your blood glucose level. Women with diabetes are twice as likely to have another heart attack after the first one. Their risk of heart failure is four times that of women without diabetes.

Men with diabetes are 3. Kidney damage and kidney failure can affect both women and men with the disease. Take these steps to lower your risk of kidney damage and other diabetes complications. Type 2 diabetes in children is a growing problem. One study found that the incidence of type 2 diabetes in youth has increased to about 5, new cases per year. Another study showed a significant increase, particularly in minority races and ethnic groups. In , the ADA recommended that all children who are overweight and have additional diabetes risk factors be tested for prediabetes or type 2. Untreated diabetes can lead to serious and even life-threatening complications.

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A random blood glucose test may reveal high blood glucose levels. A hemoglobin A1C test can provide more information about average blood glucose levels over a few months. Your child may also need a fasting blood glucose test. The ADA reports the following statistics:. It touches the lives of nearly half-a-billion of people around the world. Talking to other people with type 2 diabetes is a great way to learn, and to feel less alone. Your health-care team is there to help you. They can answer your questions about how to manage diabetes and work with you to adjust your food plan, activity and medications.

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Type 2 diabetes. You can manage type 2 diabetes by: eating healthy meals and snacks enjoying regular physical activity monitoring your blood sugar with a home blood glucose meter aiming for a healthy body weight taking diabetes medications including insulin, if prescribed by your doctor managing stress effectively. Getting started The following links will help you learn more about the basics of type 2 diabetes.